By Staff Sgt R. H. Fose -- Document written
in December 1940 for use in a Military Review Program
honoring the departing National Guardsmen.
The History of the National Guard units of Wichita
date back to the late 1800's when the various units
were shunted back and forth from location to location.
They were first stationed in the City Hall of Wichita,
the Forum, Eleven Hundred block on East Douglas, and
the corner of Topeka & Douglas, finally locating
all units at 115 South St. Francis where they were situated
for several years and then moving to their present station
at 151 North Waco in 1937. The Units which are located
here now are: 137th Inf. Headquarters Company, Medical
Detachment 137th Infantry, Service Company 137th
Inf., 3rd Battalion Headquarters Detachment 137th Inf.,
Company I and Company K 3rd Battalion, 137th Inf., Battery
C 127th Field Artillery, and the 110th
Ordnance Company. When these units were first
organized they were known as the Kansas Militia, later
they were Federally recognized as National Guard Troops.
In brief we will show you how these troops were mustered
in and out of service and finally being recognized:
Headquarters Company 137th
Inf. first recognized Sept. 5, 1915 and
then being re-recognized August 11, 1921.
Service Company 137th Inf.
first recognized as Supply Company Sept. 5, 1916, re-recognized
Headquarters Company and Supply Company 4th Inf. Nov.
29, 1918 and Nov. 26, 1918 respectively, re-designated
Service Company 137th Inf. May 1, 1921.
Medical Detachment organized as Hospital
Corp., 1903, recognized June 3, 1916, re-recognized
as Sanitation Detachment 4th Inf. Aug. 6, 1919, re-designated
Medical Detachment 137th Inf.
May 1, 1921.
3rd Battalion first organized Headquarters
Company 3rd Battalion, 137th Inf. Oct. 10, 1922, re-designated
Headquarters Detachment 3rd Battalion, 137th Inf. May
Company I 3rd Bn. 137th
Inf. organized 1903, recognized June 3,
1916, re-recognized Company I 4th Inf. Nov. 29, 1918,
re-designated Company I 137th Inf. May 1, 1921.
Company K 3rd Bn. 137th
Inf. organized 1903, mustered out Nov.
15, 1907, mustered in Nov. 12, 1908, recognized June
3, 1916, re-recognized Company M 4th Inf. Nov. 29, 1918,
re-designated Company K, 137 Inf. May 1, 1921.
110th Ordnance Company organized
Nov. 14, 1939.
Battery C, 127th Field
Artillery first organized as Troop E,
114th Cavalry reorganized and recognized as Battery
C, 127th Field Artillery Oct. 1, 1940.
These units all have a background and
history of service that every man is proud of and is
willing to work towards keeping a record such as they
have and bettering it if possible. Some of these Wichita
units were used to quell riots and strikes.
The first time the troops from Wichita
were used in their present organization was at Hoisington,
Kansas in 1922 when several units were sent there to
maintain order at the Missouri Pacific Railroad strike.
The next incident was the riot in Paynes Pasture here.
in Wichita in 1934. The last time the units were used
was in June of 1935 when Company K and details from
Regimental Headquarters Company, Medical. Detachment
and Service Company were sent to Galena, Kansas where
there was a coal mine strike. Prior to this service
these units were in action in the Philippine Insurrection,
Mexican Border Warfare and took active part in the World
The action and bravery of the men then
in these units is all told in the History of the 137th
Inf. Regiment of which they are now a part and each
man in these companies wears a Regimental Insignia upon
which are the emblems depicting these major participations.
All in all these men and their organization should appreciate
and uphold their organization and which they have done
by their induction into the Federal Service December
23, 1940, when they started their intensive training
under the leadership of their officers who are qualified
in their various duties, and most of whom have seen
active service and have had years of experience in the
routes of enlisted men. When the National Guardsmen,
of Wichita were inducted they began to train and to
instruct others in the different branches. Regimental
Headquarters Company with their work as telephone operators,
linemen, and radio operators. The message center of
this Company will become proficient in the art of cryptography
and processing of military messages. The Intelligence
Section will make maps and take car , p of the reconnaissance
work. The 110th Ordnance Company will take care of repair
and maintenance of all the ordnance.
Service Companies duties consist of
the care of the food, transportation and provide the
The Medical Detachment will train the
enlisted personnel in First Aid and the handling of
the sick and wounded. The officers of the detachment
are all Doctors and will take care of men in the field.
The Medical Detachment will also serve as a Sanitation
3rd Bn Headquarters Detachment duties
are to provide maps, scouts and observers for the battalion.
The message center of this unit will process all military
messages for the Battalion and be responsible for the
cryptography of these messages. Part of the Detachment
will assist the Battalion commander and his staff in
the Bn Headquarters functions.
Company I and Company K are two of
the rifle companies of the 3rd Bn. and will train in
the art of infantry combat. These men will be thoroughly
trained as riflemen, operate trench mortars and be machine
Battery C, 127th Field Artillery will man the 75 mm.,
155 mm. and I pound field pieces. This is the only artillery
unit of the Wichita Station.
Of all the different duties that these
different detachments and companies have, there is one
essential duty that each man has, and that is to learn
the individual duties of a soldier. Before any of the
men are instructed in their various and different technical
duties they must all be good soldiers and that is the
basis of every command - good soldiers.
December 23, 1940 these units began
their duties as soldiers of the U. S. At a later date
they will proceed to Camp Joesph T. Robinson, Little
Rock, Arkansas where they will be encamped. The officers
and men will have the opportunities to attend various
military schools, that will greatly benefit them in
their lives as soldiers, and when they once again become
civilians they will more than ever realize the value
of their service with the armed forces of the United
States. Many of the men will, after their year of service,
want to remain in the army, and there will be an opportunity
to do so, others will come back to their homes and continue
where they left off, to be loyal, patriotic, and good
citizens of this country in which we live.
The. Committee of the Wichita
Units of the National Guard sponsoring this Souvenir
Program Booklet gratefully acknowledge the courtesy
of the Wichita Beacon in furnishing gratis all the cuts
of Commanding Officers used herein. All proceeds, over
and above actual printing, will be placed in the "Mess
Fund" of the participating units.
The Committee also wishes to publicly thank
all advertisers for their participation in this booklet
in behalf of over 800 members of the Wichita Units,
their friends and "buddies."